Dr. Thomas Schulze


B6, C2.03 - 68131 Mannheim
+49 621 / 181 - 3906




Brief Bio

Thomas Schulze received his doctoral degree at the chair of software engineering at the University of Mannheim in 2016. His research interests revolve around green computing, especially the early-phase estimation of the environmental impact of software. Additionally, fostering the attractiveness and grid-friendliness of e-mobility is part of his research. He has also been a researcher on several EU projects concerned with optimizing data centres and enabling their seamless integration into smart cities in a way that promotes renewable energy and accommodates grid requirements.


Eco-efficiency, sometimes also called greenness or sustainability, has been gaining more importance in the software engineering industry within the last couple of years. Reasons are to be found in the fact that besides helping in finding solutions to the worldwide goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions, it also provides the chances of monetary gains. More information...



  • Seamless Electromobility, Eider, M., Berl, A., Sellner, D., Basmadjian, R., de Meer, H., Schulze, T., Klingert, S., Kutzner, F., Kacperski, C., & Stolba, M.; In Proceedings of e-Energy, 1-6. Hong Kong, China, 2017
  • A Cost Model for Expressing and Estimating Ecological Costs of Software-Driven Systems, Doctoral Thesis, 2016
  • Introducing flexibility into data centers for smart cities, Sonja Klinger, Florian Niedermeier, Corentin Dupont, Giovanni Giulian, Thomas Schulze, Hermann de Meer , Communications in computer and information science. Cham, Springer, 2015
  • Renewable Energy-Aware Data Centre Operations for Smart Cities - the DC4Cities Approach, Sonja Klinger, Florian Niedermeier, Corentin Dupont, Giovanni Giulian, Thomas Schulze, Hermann de Meer , SMARTGREENS 2015
  • Green Specifications – A Concrete Example, Thomas Schulze, Colin Atkinson , IGI Global Research Handbook “Green Services Engineering, Optimization, and Modelling in the Technological Age”
  • Plug4Green: A Flexible Energy-aware VM Manager to Fit Data Centre Particularities, Corentin Dupont, Giovanni Giulian, Fabien Hermenier, Thomas Schulze, Andrey Somov (in alphabetical order), AD HOC NETWORKS Journal
  • Facilitating Greener IT through Green Specifications, Colin Atkinson, Thomas Schulze, Sonja Klingert, IEEE Software, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 56-63, May-June, 2014
  • Towards Application-Specific Impact Specifications and GreenSLAs, Colin Atkinson, Thomas Schulze, 2nd International Workshop on Green and Sustainable Software (GREENS 2013), San Francisco, USA, 2013
  • An Energy Aware Framework for Virtual Machine Placement in Cloud Federated Data Centres, Corentin Dupont, Giovanni Giulian, Fabien Hermenier, Thomas Schulze, Andrey Somov (in alphabetical order), 3rd International Conference on Future Energy Systems (E-Energy 2012), Madrid, Spain, 2012
  • GreenSLAs: Managing Energy-Effciency by Contract, Christian Bunse, Sonja Klingert, Thomas Schulze, 1st International Workshop on Energy-Efficient Data Centres (E2DC 2012), Madrid, Spain, 2012
  • Modelling as a Service (MaaS) - Minimizing the Environmental Impact of Computing Services, Colin Atkinson, Thomas Schulze, Sonja Klingert, The IEEE International Workshop on the Future of Software Engineering FOR and IN the Cloud (FOSEC 2011), Washington D.C., USA, 2011
  • GreenSLAs for the Energy-efficient Management of Data Centres,  Sonja Klingert, Thomas Schulze, Christian Bunse, E-energy 2011, New York, NY, USA, 2011
  • GreenSLAs paving the way for Eco-Friendly Data Centres (Poster), Thomas Schulze, Christian Bunse, Sonja Klingert, E-energy 2011, New York, NY, USA, 2011


In the context of findings that ICT currently covers about 2% of the global energy consumption, maybe even increasing to 20% in 2020, the EU FP7 project FIT4Green (ID249020) was launched in January 2010. Its goal is the development of energy aware optimization policies for (single and federated) data centers in order to reduce the energy consumption of their ICT infrastructure, without compromising compliance with Service Level Agreements (SLA) and Quality of Service (QoS) metrics. For that purpose an energy-aware layer of plug-ins for data centre automation frameworks is being created, which overall, will lead to a reduction of an average of 20% of the energy consumption in direct server and network devices. More information...

The EU FP7 project All4Green was launched in November 2011. Its goal is the development of techniques for an active collaboration within the data centre ecosystem to reduce the energy consumption and GHG emissions. Therefore, instead of focusing on the energy optimization of single ICT elements, (or subsets), the scope is broadened to all actors involved - from the user, over the data centre, to the energy provider. Apart from the theoretical solutions, an agent-based software system will be developed, optimizing the interactions between all parties. More information...

The EU FP7 project DC4Cities "aims to achieve the optimal energy source usage in urban eco-friendly data centres, through a unified management of computational workload and characterization of available energy. The ultimate goal is maximizing the RES share in the used energy mix. To reach this goal, DC4Cities will develop a wide span of technology components at different layers, from application to infrastructure automation up to interfaces enabling cooperation with the Smart Grid layer and coordinated governance of urban data centres energy management. DC4Cities will also make a step forward on the creation of a set of standardizable metrics, allowing to measure and evaluate the actual data centre performance in optimizing the RES usage according such guidelines." More Information...

It is widely accepted that due to driving range, recharging time and cost the electric vehicle is not a viable replacement for most fuel cars. ELECTRIFIC revolutionises how electric vehicles are integrated into users’ life by increasing coordination of all the actors in the electromobility ecosystem: Drivers optimizing their vehicle usage, charging stations managers (and their power providers) and fleet managers. At the grid level, the project develops new smart charging stations capable of dynamically controlling charging rate, maximizing the use of renewables and making as grid-friendly as possible. At level of EV users, the project provides intelligent navigation systems that suggest adaptations in the travel plan to a more efficient charging. At the EV fleet level, the project develops management tools that help optimising fleet operations, maximising battery lifetime and minimising charging costs. The results of the project is rolled out to commercial use from e-bikes to e-buses, from private EV owners to government services and includes cross-border mobility." More Information...

Project Related Dissemination Activities (in German)

  • SIMEDIA-Forum zum Thema: "Energieeffiziente Rechenzentren und Serverparks" am 21./22. Juni 2011 in Hamburg. Fit für die Zukunft: Fit4Green - 20% Energieeinsparung durch Softwareeinsatz im RZ
  • Sonja Klingert und Thomas Schulze. Nachhaltigkeit durch Kollaboration: Energieversorger trifft Rechenzentrum. 12. Symposium Energieinnovation, Graz, 2012


  • Java Compact 2010

Supervised Thesis

  • A Comparison and Analysis of Common Software Estimation Techniques on Kobra-Specified Implementations, Emir Fatih Özdel (in progress)
  • Creating a Green Video on Demand Service for a Raspberry Pi, Yenny Zambrana Colque, Master Thesis, Juni 2015
  • Bidirektionale Transformation von Klassen- und Zustandsautomatendiagrammen zwischen VSDX und XMI, Bernd Pfister, Master Thesis Mai 2015
  • Entwicklung einer Eco-Effizienten Projektmanagementsoftware mit Hilfe von Grünen Spezifikationen, Tobias Ottto, Bachelor Thesis, April 2015
  • Erweiterung von Microsoft Visio© 2013 zur Unterstützung von Grünen Spezifikationen, Thomas Kästner, Studienarbeit, Feb. 2015
  • Automatically Retrieving Function Points from Java Code, Nico Marschall, Bachelor Thesis, Feb. 2015
  • Market Study on Software Energy Measurement Tools, Murat Gökhan Yigit, Bachelor Thesis, Oktober 2014
  • Applying Green Specifications to an Industrial Environment, Fabian Burzlaff, Bachelor Thesis, Jan. 2014
  • Normativimplementierung eines Video on Demand (VoD) Services, Matthias Schäfer, Studienarbeit, Feb. 2014

 Interested in writing a thesis? Click here to see suggested topics.